Signs Your Gums Are Suffering

Most people spend their time focused on their teeth, not their gums. After all, your pearly whites get plenty of attention every time you smile. But, your gums often provide more clues about your oral health.

Healthy gums fit snugly around your teeth, have a firm texture, and appear pale pink in color. Changes in your gums can develop for several reasons, but most commonly because of gum disease. Nearly half of American adults have this dental issue. And it grows progressively worse without treatment, putting you at risk of both tooth loss and other health complications — even heart disease.

Dr. Peter Gambertoglio has practiced family and cosmetic dentistry for over 30 years. If you notice these problems with your gums, you should schedule an appointment with him as soon as possible.

Redness or swelling

Having gum disease means there's a bacterial infection in the soft tissue of your mouth. As this bacteria builds up, it starts irritating your gums and attacking the healthy tissue surrounding your teeth. This process causes irritation and inflammation and leads to gum redness and swelling.

Tenderness or bleeding

Along with irritation and inflammation comes tenderness and bleeding, especially when brushing or flossing. Having gums that bleed while brushing or flossing is one of the earliest signs of gum disease. However, if you smoke, it can restrict blood flow to your gums, and you may not have this early warning sign. Smoking increases your chances of developing gum disease.

Gum recession

If you notice your teeth looking longer, you could have a serious problem on your hands. As gum disease progresses, the tissue surrounding your teeth can recede, leaving your tooth root exposed. In later stages of the disease, your gum recession tissue worsens, causing deep pockets that make your mouth even harder to clean. Not only does this change your smile, but it also increases your chances of tooth decay, tooth loss, and infection. 

Tooth sensitivity or persistent bad breath

While these symptoms don’t seem related to your gums, they are. Tooth sensitivity often develops as the protective gum tissue recedes, leaving your tooth roots exposed. Similarly, persistent bad breath can be due to gases released by the bacteria coating your teeth and gums.

High blood sugar

We know what you’re thinking — what does blood sugar have to do with your gums? Unfortunately, gum disease and type 2 diabetes are intimately linked. So, if you have type 2 diabetes, your risks of gum disease increase, and it can become more severe faster. 

Other factors that increase your chances of gum disease include:

If you have diabetes or other risks for gum disease, it’s crucial to keep regular appointments with Dr. Gambertoglio to monitor your oral health.

To learn more about gum disease or to find treatment, contact our office in Spring, Texas, by calling 281-350-8852 or sending us a message today.

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